What Do Finance Majors Do

What Do Finance Majors Do

As you ponder a future in finance, have you ever wondered about the diverse roles finance majors undertake in the business world? From analyzing complex financial data to making strategic investment decisions, finance professionals are at the forefront of shaping the financial landscape. But what specific tasks do they perform on a day-to-day basis, and how do their actions impact the overall success of organizations? Let’s explore the intricacies of what finance majors do and how their expertise drives financial stability and growth in various industries.

Finance Major Roles

Finance majors have a range of career opportunities in the financial industry. Financial analysts, for example, earn an average salary of $83,660 per year, with a 5% job growth rate.

Investment bankers, on the other hand, have an average annual salary of $115,320 and a 16% job growth projection.

Financial planning is another option, offering an average salary of $87,850 per year and a 4% growth rate.

Risk managers earn an average salary of $125,180 per year, with a 3% growth rate.

Corporate finance specialists make around $83,660 annually, with a 7% growth rate expected in the industry.

Key Responsibilities

Finance majors play a critical role in analyzing financial data to support informed investment decisions. They evaluate risk and potential returns on investment opportunities, prepare financial reports and forecasts, and assess financial statements to gauge the financial well-being of organizations. Additionally, finance majors devise strategies to enhance financial performance and increase shareholder value. By concentrating on these core responsibilities, they contribute significantly to guiding businesses towards profitability.

Their expertise in financial analysis and strategic planning enables organizations to make prudent financial choices that align with their objectives. The capacity to interpret data, evaluate risks, and implement effective financial strategies is vital for driving success and expansion in today’s competitive business landscape.

Career Pathways

Career pathways in finance present a wide array of opportunities in diverse industries and sectors for individuals with a solid background in financial analysis and strategic planning.

Finance majors can explore roles in banking, investment firms, government agencies, nonprofit institutions, and other sectors. Potential career options include budget analysts, financial managers, financial examiners, and compensation specialists.

Prominent employers for finance graduates include JPMorgan Chase & Co., PwC, Citibank, Morgan Stanley, and Bank of America.

Additionally, the field offers avenues in risk management, allowing professionals to delve into areas such as investment banking, corporate finance, and financial consulting.

Salaries in the finance industry vary, with financial analysts typically earning an average of around $77,000, and median wages for financial analysts at $85,660.

Industry Skills

Acquiring a solid foundation in industry skills is essential for success as a finance major. In addition to possessing a strong financial understanding, refining management skills, interpersonal abilities, and problem-solving capabilities is key.

Effective communication skills are vital for articulating complex financial information clearly. Familiarity with financial markets, regulations, and trends is crucial for navigating the finance industry landscape.

Analytical skills are essential for interpreting data, making well-informed decisions, and accurately assessing risk. Many finance majors choose to pursue certifications like the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) to bolster their expertise and market appeal.

Chief Financial Officer Duties

To effectively perform the duties of a Chief Financial Officer, it’s essential to monitor both profits and deficits meticulously to uphold financial stability and facilitate company growth.

The key responsibilities of a CFO encompass:

  1. Formulating financial strategies aimed at maximizing the company’s financial performance.
  2. Supervising a team of employees tasked with financial operations and reporting.
  3. Demonstrating adept managerial skills to efficiently lead and motivate the team.
  4. Ensuring that the company’s profits surpass deficits to sustain financial stability and promote expansion.

Salary Insights

Financial professionals in different roles, including Financial Analysts, Investment Bankers, Financial Planners, Risk Managers, and Corporate Finance Specialists, have varying average salaries and job growth rates in the industry.

Financial Analysts typically earn an average salary of $83,660 annually, with a 5% job growth rate.

Investment Bankers have a median salary of around $115,320 per year, with a projected job growth rate of 16%.

Financial Planners receive an average salary of $87,850 per year, with a 4% job growth expected.

Risk Managers earn an average of $125,180 annually, with a projected job growth rate of 3%.

Corporate Finance Specialists make approximately $83,660 per year on average, with a 7% job growth anticipated.

These figures offer insights into the earning potential and career outlook within the finance industry.

Job Growth Trends

The finance industry is expected to experience notable growth in job opportunities across various financial roles. Here are the projected job growth rates:

  1. Financial analysts are forecasted to have a 5% increase in job opportunities in the coming years.

  2. Investment bankers are expected to see a high growth rate of 16%, exceeding the average for all occupations.

  3. The demand for financial planners is set to grow by 4%, driven by an aging population seeking financial guidance.

  4. Risk managers are likely to encounter a 3% growth in job opportunities as companies prioritize effective financial risk management.

These statistics demonstrate the expanding career options within the finance sector.

Advantages of Pursuing Finance

A finance major offers essential skills in financial analysis, strategic planning, and risk management, providing a solid foundation for various career opportunities.

Graduates with a finance degree can pursue roles in financial analysis, investment banking, risk management, and financial planning across industries such as banking, investment firms, and corporate finance.

With the increasing globalization and technological advancements, there’s a growing demand for professionals with global market knowledge and data analytics skills in the finance industry.

Specializing in niche areas like real estate finance, healthcare finance, or sustainable finance can lead to unique career paths within the field.

Developing expertise in strategic planning and risk management can pave the way for roles like investment banker, financial analyst, or financial planner, enabling professionals to make significant contributions to the finance sector.


Overall, pursuing a finance major offers a wide range of opportunities in various industries. With roles such as financial analyst, investment banker, or CFO, finance majors play a crucial role in managing finances and driving financial success.

By developing strong analytical skills, problem-solving abilities, and financial expertise, finance majors can secure lucrative positions and make a significant impact on organizations.

The finance industry offers a dynamic and rewarding career path for those interested in the world of finance.